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Journal of Advanced Ceramics

Keywords

thermal barrier coatings (TBCs), CeO2 oxides, doping, thermophyscial properties

Abstract

In this study, Ce1-xSmxO2-x/2 ceramics were synthesized by sol–gel route and solid state sintering method. The phase structure was analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The morphologies of the synthesized powders and the corresponding bulk samples were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Their thermal diffusivities and thermal expansion coefficients were measured by the laser-flash method and the pushing-rod method, respectively. Results show that pure Ce1-xSmxO2-x/2 powders with single fluorite structure are synthesized successfully, and their microstructures of the corresponding bulk samples are very dense. With the increase of Sm2O3 content, their thermal expansion coefficients decrease due to the higher electro-negativity of Sm3+ ions as compared with that of Ce4+ ions. Their thermal conductivities at 1000 ℃ lie in the range of 1.62–2.02 W/(m·K) due to the phonon scattering caused by the substituted atoms and oxygen vacancies. The Ce1-xSmxO2-x/2 ceramics can be used as ceramic candidates for novel thermal barrier coatings (TBCs).

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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