geopolymer, nano-kaolin, sodium silicate, slag
Nowadays kaolin raw material is usually used to produce nano-kaolin for geopolymer enhancement by using firing method. In the present study, kaolin used was taken from the Naqus Formation (Cambro-Ordovician age), west of Gabal El Gunna, Sinai, Egypt. Nano-kaolin material is an ultrafine material and was prepared from the taken kaolin by the firing process at 800 ℃ for 2 h with a heating rate of 5 ℃/min. Six mixes were prepared and their laboratory specimens were made and cured up to 90 days. Water cooled slag was used as starting material, and sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate were used in the study as activators for the used kaolin. The formed geopolymer mixes with different ratios (1%, 1.5%, 3%, 5%, and 7%) of nano-kaolin as a partial replacement for the raw kaolin were investigated. Gelenium Ace super plasticizer was added in the ratio of 4% from the dry weight to ensure good dispersing of the used nano clay. Results showed that increasing the percentage of nano-kaolin up to 3% results in an enhancement in the mechanical properties as compared with the control mix up to 90 days of curing, while higher ratios are not preferable where they lead to agglomeration of the added nano materials and matrix dilution.
Tsinghua University Press
Mahmoud M. HASSAAN, Hisham M. KHATER, Medhat S. EL-MAHLLAWY et al. Production of geopolymer composites enhanced by nano-kaolin material. Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2015, 4(4): 245-252.