Journal of Advanced Ceramics


ZnO nanostructures, citric acid (CA), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), chelating agents, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical properties


The effects of annealing temperatures and chelating agents on the structural and optical properties of ZnO nanoparticles were investigated. The average particle size of ZnO nanoparticles increased with increase of annealing temperatures. The decrease of the full width at half maximum (FWHM) with increasing annealing temperatures inferred increase of particle/grain growth. The grain sizes were also observed to be increased with increase of annealing temperatures. From the absorption spectra of the samples, the absorption was red-shifted and the energy band gap was blue-shifted with increase of annealing temperatures. A sharp UV emission peak was observed and the intensity of this peak increased with annealing temperatures corresponding to the high crystallinity in the samples. At high annealing temperature of 700 ℃, ZnO exhibited a less intense deep level emission. This negligible deep level emission was attributed to the oxygen vacancies created at higher annealing temperatures.


Tsinghua University Press