plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (CVD), diamond film, mechanical properties, nanostructures
Large-area polycrystalline diamond (PCD) coatings are important for fields such as thermal management, optical windows, tribological moving mechanical assemblies, harsh chemical environments, biological sensors, etc. Microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MPCVD) is a standard technique to grow high-quality PCD films over large area due to the absence of contact between the reactive species and the filament or the chamber wall. However, the existence of temperature gradients during growth may compromise the desired uniformity of the final diamond coatings. In the present work, a thick PCD coating was deposited on a 100-mm silicon substrate inside a 915-MHz reactor; the temperature gradient resulted in a non-uniform diamond coating. An attempt was made to relate the local temperature variation during deposition and the different properties of the final coating. It was found that there was large instability inside the system, in terms of substrate temperature (as high as ΔT = 212 ℃), that resulted in a large dispersion of the diamond coating's final properties: residual stress (-15.8 GPa to +6.2 GPa), surface morphology (octahedral pyramids with (111) planes to cubo-octahedrals with (100) flat top surfaces), thickness (190 µm to 245 µm), columnar growth of diamond (with appearance of variety of nanostructures), nucleation side hardness (17 GPa to 48 GPa), quality (Raman peak FWHM varying from 5.1 cm-1 to 12.4 cm-1 with occasional splitting). This random variation in properties over large-area PCD coating may hamper reproducible diamond growth for any meaningful technological application.
Tsinghua University Press
Awadesh Kumar MALLIK, S, ip BYSAKH et al. Property mapping of polycrystalline diamond coatings over large area. Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2014, 3(1): 56-70.