Ni-doped BiFeO3, self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetic properties, dielectric properties
Ni-doped BiFeO3 powders with the composition BiFe1-xNixO3 (x = 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15) were prepared by a self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), using metal nitrates as oxidizers and glycine as fuel. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns depict that Ni-doped BiFeO3 ceramics crystallize in a rhombhohedral phase. The scanning electron micrographs of Ni-doped BiFeO3 ceramics show a dense morphology with interconnected structure. It is found that, the room-temperature magnetization measurements in Ni-incorporated BiFeO3 ceramics give rise to nonzero magnetization. The magnetization of Ni-doped BiFeO3 ceramics is significantly enhanced when Ni doping concentration reaches to x = 0.1 at 5 K. The variations of dielectric constant with temperature in BiFe0.95Ni0.05O3, BiFe0.9Ni0.1O3 and BiFe0.85Ni0.15O3 samples exhibit clear dielectric anomalies approximately around 450 ℃, 425 ℃ and 410 ℃ respectively, which correspond to antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase transition of the parent compound BiFeO3.
Tsinghua University Press
Yogesh A. CHAUDHARI, Ch, rashekhar M. MAHAJAN et al. Structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of nano-crystallineNi-doped BiFeO3 ceramics formulated by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. Journal of Advanced Ceramics 2013, 2(2): 135-140.