Journal of Advanced Ceramics


thermoelectric, misfit layer sulfide, spark plasma sintering, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity


A misfit layer sulfide (BiS)1.2(TiS2)2 with a natural superlattice structure has been shown to be a promising thermoelectric material, but its high carrier concentration should be reduced so as to further optimize the thermoelectric performance. However, ordinary acceptor doping has not succeeded because of the non-parabolic band structure. In this paper, we have successfully doped chromium ions into the Ti sites, which can maintain or even enhance the high effective mass of electrons so as to effectively improve ZT value. X-ray diffraction analysis, coupled with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, shows that chromium has been substituted into titanium sites in TiS2 layers and confirms its ionic state. The chromium doping has successfully reduced the carrier concentration with the subsequent reduction of electrical conductivity. Unlike other acceptor dopants (alkaline earth metals), chromium also enhances Seebeck coefficient and the effective mass, which can possibly be attributed to the formation of additional resonant states near Fermi level. Though the power factor does not improve, the significant reduction in the electronic part of the thermal conductivity leads to a measurable improvement in ZT.


Tsinghua University Press