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Journal of Advanced Ceramics

Keywords

high-entropy rare-earth zirconates (HE-REZs), first-principles calculations, thermal conductivity, thermal stability, Young’s modulus, thermal-barrier coatings (TBCs)

Abstract

The high-entropy rare-earth zirconate ((La0.2Nd0.2Sm0.2Gd0.2Yb0.2)2Zr2O7, 5RE2Zr2O7 HE- REZs) ceramics were successfully prepared by a new high-speed positive grinding strategy combined with solid-state reaction method. The microstructure, crystal structure, phase composition, and thermophysical and mechanical properties of the samples were systematically investigated through various methods. Results indicate that the samples have a single-phase defect fluorite-type crystal structure with excellent high-temperature thermal stability. The as-prepared samples also demonstrate low thermal conductivity (0.9-1.72 W·m-1·K-1 at 273-1273 K) and high coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE, 10.9 × 10-6 K-1 at 1273 K), as well as outstanding mechanical properties including large Young’s modulus (E = 186-257 GPa) and high fracture toughness (KIC). Furthermore, the formation possibility of the as-prepared samples was verified through the first-principles calculations, which suggested the feasibility to form the 5RE2Zr2O7 HE-REZs in the thermodynamic direction. Therefore, in view of the excellent multifunctional properties exhibited by the as-prepared 5RE2Zr2O7 HE-REZs, they have great potential applications in next-generation thermal-barrier coatings (TBCs).

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