Journal of Advanced Ceramics


field cooling (FC) alternating current poling (ACP), PIMN-0.30PT, high piezoelectricity


After field cooling (FC) alternating current poling (ACP), we investigated the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of [001]pc-oriented 0.24Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3 (PIN)-0.46Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN)- 0.30PbTiO3 (PT) (PIMN-0.30PT) single crystals (SCs), which were manufactured by continuous- feeding Bridgman (CF BM) within morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) region. By ACP with 4 kVrms/cm from 100 to 70 ℃, the PIMN-0.30PT SC attained high dielectric permittivity (ε33T/ε0) of 8330, piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of 2750 pC/N, bar mode electromechanical coupling factor k33 of 0.96 with higher phase change temperature (Tpc) of 103 ℃, and high Curie temperature (TC) of 180 ℃. These values are the highest ever reported as PIMN-xPT SC system with Tpc > 100 ℃. The enhancement of these properties is attributed to the induced low symmetry multi-phase supported by phase analysis. This work indicates that FC ACP is a smart and promising method to enhance piezoelectric properties of relaxor-PT ferroelectric SCs including PIMN-xPT, and provides a route to a wide range of piezoelectric device applications.