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Friction

Article Title

Motor oil degradation during urban cycle road tests

Keywords

motor oil, urban vehicles, oil degradation, road test, oil analysis

Abstract

Several civilian vehicles in China operate in urban traffic conditions and have their motor oil changed every 5,000 km. This study investigates the variations in oil properties after servicing at 5,000 km, based on systematic road tests (including a repeated test, a parallel test, and a new vehicle test). The physicochemical properties, changes in components, oxidation stability, detergent-dispersant performance, and tribological properties of motor oils were analyzed. The results showed that the total acid number (TAN) of oils increased with the operation mileage, by up to 1.41 mgKOH/g. The total base number (TBN) decreased after the road tests were completed, and the decrease was less than 44.6%. The kinematic viscosity (KV) of most oils decreased initially and then stabilized in the middle stage, before starting to increase later in the experiment. The change in KV at 100 ℃ was less than 15.96%. The oxidation onset temperature (OOT) of the oils diminished gradually with the operation mileage. All OOT values of the used oils were higher than 210 ℃. A spot test indicated that the used oils retained their detergent-dispersant performance to an appropriate extent. The four-ball wear scar diameters and friction coefficient of the used oils did not increase significantly after the road tests were completed. This study can serve as a reference for end-users when changing motor oils.

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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