Article Title

Growth of ultra-dense MoS2 nanosheets on carbon fibers to improve the mechanical and tribological properties of polyimide composites


carbon fibers (CFs), polydopamine, MoS2 nanosheets, interface, tribology


To enhance the interface bonding of polyimide (PI)/carbon fiber (CF) composites, CFs were functionalized by introducing a polydopamine (PDA) transition layer, whose active groups provide absorption sites for the growth of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets and improve the bonding strength with PI. Uniform and dense MoS2 nanosheets with thicknesses of 30-40 nm on the surface of the PDA@CF were obtained via a subsequent hydrothermal method. As a result, the interface between the CF and the PI matrix becomes more compact with the help of the PDA transition layer and MoS2 nanosheets. This is beneficial in forming PI/CF-MoS2 composites with better thermal stability, higher tensile strength, and enhanced tribological properties. The lubricating and reinforcing effects of the hybrid CF-MoS2 in the PI composite are discussed in detail. The tensile strength of the PI/CF-MoS2 composite increases by 43%, and the friction coefficient and the wear rate reduce by 57% and 77%, respectively, compared to those of the pure PI. These values are higher than those of the PI/CF composites without MoS2 nanosheets. These results indicate that the CF-MoS2 hybrid material can be used as an additive to improve the mechanical and tribological properties of polymers.


Tsinghua University Press