Article Title

Movement pattern of an ellipsoidal nanoparticle confined between solid surfaces: Theoretical model and molecular dynamics simulation


movement pattern, friction and wear reduction, ellipsoidal nanoparticle additive, molecular dynamics simulation


The movement pattern of ellipsoidal nanoparticles confined between copper surfaces was examined using a theoretical model and molecular dynamics simulation. Initially, we developed a theoretical model of movement patterns for hard ellipsoidal nanoparticles. Subsequently, the simulation indicated that there are critical values for increasing the axial ratio, driving velocity of the contact surface, and lowering normal loads (i.e., 0.83, 15 m/s, and 100 nN under the respective conditions), which in turn change the movement pattern of nanoparticles from sliding to rolling. Based on the comparison between the ratio of arm of force (e/h) and coefficient of friction (μ), the theoretical model was in good agreement with the simulations and accurately predicted the movement pattern of ellipsoidal nanoparticles. The sliding of the ellipsoidal nanoparticles led to severe surface damage. However, rolling separated the contact surfaces and thereby reduced friction and wear.


Tsinghua University Press