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Friction

Keywords

tribology, sliding friction, plastic deformation, rotating band, gun barrel, engraving, strain rate

Abstract

The engraving process of a projectile rotating band is one of the most basic research aspects in interior ballistics, which has not been thoroughly understood thus far. An understanding of this process is of great importance from the viewpoints of optimal design, manufacturing, use, and maintenance of gun and projectile. In this paper, the interaction of copper and nylon rotating bands with a CrNiMo gun barrel during engraving was studied under quasi-static and dynamic loading conditions. The quasi-static engraving tests were performed on a CSS-88500 electronic universal testing machine (EUTM) and a special gas-gun-based test rig was designed for dynamic impact engraving of the rotating bands. The mechanical behaviors of copper and nylon were investigated under strain rates of 10−3 s−1 and 2 × 103 s−1 using an MTS 810 and a split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB), respectively. Morphologies of the worn surfaces and cross-sectional microstructures were observed with scanning electron microscope (SEM) and optical microscope (OM). It was found that large deformation and severe friction occur during engraving. The surface layer is condensed and correlated with a hardness gradient along the depth from the top worn surface. The structure of the rotating band and gun bore, band material, and loading rate have great effects on band engraving. The flow stress-strain of the copper strongly depends on the applied strain rate. It is suggested that strain rate and temperature play significant roles in the deformation mechanism of rotating bands.

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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