erroneous pixel prediction, image segmen-tation, deep learning
We consider semantic image segmentation. Our method is inspired by Bayesian deep learning which improves image segmentation accuracy by modeling the uncertainty of the network output. In contrast to uncertainty, our method directly learns to predict the erroneous pixels of a segmentation network, which is modeled as a binary classification problem. It can speed up training comparing to the Monte Carlo integration often used in Bayesian deep learning. It also allows us to train a branch to correct the labels of erroneous pixels. Our method consists of three stages: (i) predict pixel-wise error probability of the initial result, (ii) redetermine new labels for pixels with high error probability, and (iii) fuse the initial result and the redetermined result with respect to the error probability. We formulate the error-pixel prediction problem as a classification task and employ an error-prediction branch in the network to predict pixel-wise error probabilities. We also introduce a detail branch to focus the training process on the erroneous pixels. We have experimentally validated our method on the Cityscapes and ADE20K datasets. Our model can be easily added to various advanced segmentation networks to improve their performance. Taking DeepLabv3+ as an example, our network can achieve 82.88% of mIoU on Cityscapes testing dataset and 45.73% on ADE20K validation dataset, improving corresponding DeepLabv3+ results by 0.74% and 0.13% respectively.
Gong, Lixue; Zhang, Yiqun; Zhang, Yunke; Yang, Yin; and Xu, Weiwei
"Erroneous pixel prediction for semantic image segmentation,"
Computational Visual Media: Vol. 8:
1, Article 11.
Available at: https://dc.tsinghuajournals.com/computational-visual-media/vol8/iss1/11