image-based rendering, light field, plenoptic function, computational photography
Light field rendering is an image-based rendering method that does not use 3D models but only images of the scene as input to render new views. Light field approximation, represented as a set of images, suffers from so-called refocusing artifacts due to different depth values of the pixels in the scene. Without information about depths in the scene, proper focusing of the light field scene is limited to a single focusing distance. The correct focusing method is addressed in this work and a real-time solution is proposed for focusing of light field scenes, based on statistical analysis of the pixel values contributing to the final image. Unlike existing techniques, this method does not need precomputed or acquired depth information. Memory requirements and streaming bandwidth are reduced and real-time rendering is possible even for high resolution light field data, yielding visually satisfactory results. Experimental evaluation of the proposed method, implemented on a GPU, is presented in this paper.
Chlubna, T.; Milet, T.; and Zemčík, P.
"Real-time per-pixel focusing method for light field rendering,"
Computational Visual Media: Vol. 7:
3, Article 3.
Available at: https://dc.tsinghuajournals.com/computational-visual-media/vol7/iss3/3