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Computational Visual Media

Keywords

virtual reality, deep learning, neural net-works, 360∘ image and video virtual content

Abstract

Virtual reality (VR) offers an artificial, com-puter generated simulation of a real life environment. It originated in the 1960s and has evolved to provide increasing immersion, interactivity, imagination, and intelligence. Because deep learning systems are able to represent and compose information at various levels in a deep hierarchical fashion, they can build very powerful models which leverage large quantities of visual media data. Intelligence of VR methods and applications has been significantly boosted by the recent developmentsin deep learning techniques. VR content creationand exploration relates to image and video analysis, synthesis and editing, so deep learning methods such as fully convolutional networks and general adversarial networks are widely employed, designed specifically to handle panoramic images and video and virtual 3D scenes. This article surveys recent research that uses such deep learning methods for VR content creation and exploration. It considers the problems involved, and discusses possible future directions in this active and emerging research area.

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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