Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

An easy-to-use turbulent inlet boundary condition for large-eddy simulation of radial diffusers


CFD, large-eddy simulation, inlet boundary condition, turbulent inflow, radial diffuser, radial jet


When applying time-accurate computational fluid dynamics, large-eddy simulation (CFD LES) to room ventilation, a common problem is that the supply jets do not model properly if there is no realistic turbulence in the inflow boundary. In this paper we introduce a novel, easy-to-use method of generating a turbulent inlet boundary condition for simulating a radial diffuser. The basic idea is to apply a time-independent velocity distribution with realistic spatial statistics, and to add temporal fluctuations by rotation. The method is simple to use, requires only one extra parameter, and does not necessitate large storage files. It needs a momentary velocity distribution on the inflow surface with the desired volume flow rate obtained from a time-accurate internal simulation of the diffuser alone. In a room-scale simulation, this velocity distribution is put in rotating movement in order to mimic a turbulent inlet boundary. The method is verified by comparing the outcome with published measurements and with a simulation containing the interior of the diffuser.


Tsinghua University Press