Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Influence of household air-conditioning use modes on the energy performance of residential district cooling systems


AC usage model, load distribution, residential district cooling system, uncertainty analysis, energy performance


During technical evaluations of cooling systems in residential buildings, it is necessary to consider the influence of the household air-conditioning (AC) use modes. In other words, how the occupants control the AC, for instance, when it is turned on, what the temperature setting is, and how long it is used. Field measurements and spot interviews indicate that AC usage by residents should be environmental, event and random related. A reduced-order AC conditional probability (CP) model was developed in this study to describe AC usage. The AC CP model was integrated with a building energy modeling program (BEMP) to reflect the interaction of the AC operation and the indoor environment. With consideration of stochastic AC use modes, the uncertainty of user compositions was studied. Additionally, simulation results revealed that AC use modes and user compositions can cause up to a 4.5-fold difference in the system efficiency of district cooling systems. The Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient were applied in this study to describe the load distribution in a quantitative manner. Through a comparison with the constant schedule definition model, the study also identified inclusion of the stochastic feature of AC use modes and their compositions in simulations as being important to the technical evaluation of district cooling systems.


Tsinghua University Press