Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Computational evaluation of building physics—The effect of building form and settled area, microclimate on pedestrian level comfort around buildings


building form and building settled area, pedestrian level comfort, microclimatic air movements, wind effect, wind flow around buildings, FloEFD CFD


Wind discomfort and the dangers that the wind may lead can be harmful in terms of comfort conditions of both indoor and outdoor environment of the building/buildings to be constructed or just completed. The wind effects on a site can be divided in two as: mechanical wind effects and thermal wind effects. This study is specifically about mechanical wind stress and pedestrian wind comfort. Typically, the cause of frequent occurrences of strong wind at pedestrian area is primary related to the configuration of building structures and/or topography in the vicinity of the pedestrian area. Depending on the characteristics of the wind including magnitude, uniformity, ambient temperature, etc., the level of disturbance to users of pedestrian areas can be different. In this context, the regions where Necmettin Erbakan University (N.E.U.) temporary education buildings are located have a fairly intensive topography in terms of wind. Therefore, detailed analyses of the inside regions and the surrounding areas of education buildings in particular are performed in terms of microclimatic comfort and indoor energy recovery. Especially, the topography where the university campus temporary educational buildings are located has very high wind climate conditions comparing to the city of Konya, Turkey, climate conditions. In this study pedestrian level wind conditions around N.E.U. campus buildings and in urban areas and campus buildings settlements topography are analyzed by CFD FloEFD. The aim of the study is to analyze causes of wind nuisance in campus site area and around temporary education buildings, and compare and evaluate remedial measures. The results show that current campus settlement, around the buildings and amphi classes are seen to reach very discomforting levels in terms of in classroom comfort. Draft architectural campus temporary education buildings projects proposed by the author can improve on existing wind conditions where possible, and as a minimum, can not significantly degrade wind conditions especially when considering the safety criteria.


Tsinghua University Press