Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Modelling and multi-scenario analysis for electric heat tracing system combined with low temperature district heating for domestic hot water supply


low temperature district heating, domestic hot water, electric heat tracing, user pattern profile, smart control modelling, Legionella prevention


Low temperature district heating (LTDH) is a cost-efficient way of supplying space heating and domestic hot water (DHW) for buildings in urban areas. However, there is concern that the potential hygiene problems (Legionella) might occur if LTDH is implemented, especially for large buildings. In this study, electric heat tracing system was investigated as a solution to this dilemma. A model of electric heat tracing system for multi-storey buildings was built. Various pipe materials and insulation thicknesses as the parameters of the model were compared to make a comprehensive study. The performance of the electric heating tracing system with LTDH was simulated by taking the user pattern into account. A smart control method based on thermostatic and real-time control was developed, and compared with normal control method. The impact of user pattern was tested by applying standard, stochastic, and real load profiles to the model. The energy and economy performances of electric heat tracing system in different scenarios were simulated by Matlab. The results were compared to the conventional circulation system with the current generation district heating. The electric heat tracing system with LTDH showed good performance on heat loss saving, and it also gave benefits to district heating network by sharing part of the heating load.


Tsinghua University Press