Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Assessing the capabilities of the zonal model to predict the isothermal airflow induced by a linear ceiling diffuser


zonal method, computational fluid dynamics, ceiling diffuser, indoor airflow, weakly turbulent flow


The objective of this work is to evaluate the quality of the zonal airflow predictions compared to those provided by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tools for an isothermal airflow induced in a room by a linear ceiling diffuser. This comparative analysis was conducted for a typical rectangular office designed for two people, considering two different arrangements of obstacles within the room volume. The ventilation was provided by a four-way ceiling diffuser type with large aspect ratio slots, the outlet integrated into it, operating in a three-way mode with slot Reynolds number of 2700. As a result, the airflow was transitional or weakly turbulent. The airflow patterns obtained with the zonal models were first compared qualitatively with the CFD computations. A quantitative comparison based on the mean velocities at the interface of the zonal grid was then carried out. The characteristic features of the zonal predictions are shown and the limitations of the zonal and CFD approaches are discussed.


Tsinghua University Press