Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

3D experimental and numerical analysis of wind flow around domed-roof buildings with open and closed apertures


atmospheric boundary layer, domed-roof building, turbulence flow, ventilation


This paper presents experimental and numerical study of airflow distribution around a reduced-scale model of a common type of domed-roof building. Measurements are performed in an open loop wind tunnel. A new modified Counihan scheme is developed for constructing a part-depth atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). Measured quantities include: wind velocity profile, turbulence intensity and airflow pattern around the building. To conduct the experiments, a 1:54 scale model of a real domed-roof building with six windows and an aperture on the roof is fabricated and placed in the test section of the wind tunnel. In addition, using a numerical modeling, turbulent airflow around such scale model in the wind tunnel is simulated and airflow field inside and outside the model as well as ventilating discharge coefficient are computed. It is illustrated that, airflow around this type of building contains complex adjacent recirculation flows. The building with open apertures has acceptable discharge coefficient for ventilation, which can be a factor to ensure comfort condition for residents as well as complying with energy-saving considerations.


Tsinghua University Press