Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Asymptotic conditions for the use of linear ventilation models in the presence of buoyancy forces


linear ventilation models, indoor airflow, heavy-gas, RANS simulation


Low-dimensional discrete linear ventilation models have been studied by literature. In the present study, we investigate the validity and applicability of linear ventilation models for heavy-gas dispersion by employing Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations. A simple benchmark ventilation case is considered under isothermal condition. Considering large density differences from pollutant gas and fresh air, the effect of buoyancy force has been taken into account in turbulent production term to obtain correct diffusion behaviour. A low-Re k-ε model has been selected and the generalised gradient diffusion hypothesis is used for buoyancy source term. It is concluded that the flow equations decouple from the concentration equation when the ratio α of air mass-flow rate to pollutant mass-flow rate is larger than 105, which is 10 times higher than the range without density differences (α>104). The dependence of the coupling on Richardson number Ri is also studied. It is found that the higher the Richardson number, the larger the α should be to decouple equations.


Tsinghua University Press