Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

A network-based smoke control program with consideration of energy transfer in ultra-high-rise buildings, CAU_ESCAP


ultra-high-rise building, smoke control system, network-based program, energy transfer, CAU_ESCAP


Ultra-high-rise buildings allow for the efficient use of land, but they are vulnerable to disasters such as fires. Therefore, the development of network models for analyzing the characteristics of smoke movement in ultra-high-rise buildings is necessary for cost-effective design of smoke control systems and operation decisions. A new network-based smoke control program, CAU_ESCAP, is developed in this study, which is a program that can consider the energy transfer. CAU_ESCAP is validated with existing programs, ASCOS and COSMO, by analyzing the smoke movement. After that, fire in an ultra-high-rise building of 55 stories is applied with CAU_ESCAP for analyzing the smoke movement and the mass flow rate of the smoke control system due to the variation of heat release rate and door conditions of the fire floor. The pressure difference between the fire room and the protecting area does not vary in the closed-door case in the fire room, but vary significantly in the opened-door case. Therefore, the smoke from fire would be spread to other spaces if there is no instantaneous increase in the mass flow rate of pressurization when the door is opened by occupants for evacuation.


Tsinghua University Press