Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Optimisation design and verification of the acoustic environment for multimedia classrooms in universities based on simulation


multimedia classroom, speech intelligibility, acoustic environment, optimisation design, verification


The acoustic environment of the classroom is one of the most important factors influencing the teaching and learning effects of the teacher and students. It is critical to ensure good speech intelligibility in classrooms. However, due to some factors, it may not be easy to achieve an ideal classroom acoustic environment, especially in large-scale multimedia classrooms. In a real renovation project of 39 multimedia classrooms in a university, seven typical rooms were selected, and the acoustic environment optimisation design and verification for these multimedia classrooms were performed based on simulation. First, the acoustic and sound reinforcement design schemes were determined based on the room acoustics software ODEON. Next, the effects of the optimisation design were analysed, and the simulated and measured results were compared; the accuracy of using the reduced sound absorption coefficients, which were determined empirically, was also examined. Finally, the recommended reverberation times (RTs) in multimedia classrooms corresponding to speech intelligibility were discussed, the effectiveness of the speech transmission index (STI) as a primary parameter for classroom acoustic environment control was considered, and the acoustic environment under the unoccupied and occupied statuses was compared. The results revealed that although there are many factors influencing the effect of classroom acoustic environment control, an adequate result can be expected on applying the appropriate method. Considering both the acoustic design and visual requirements also makes the classroom likely to have a good visual effect in addition to having a good listening environment.