Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Thermal environment investigation of asymmetric radiation coupled with convection heating


asymmetric radiation, lateral air supply, overall thermal comfort, local thermal comfort, CFD simulation


The couple of radiation with convection heating owned advantages of less energy utilization, healthier and more comfortable indoor environment. However, local thermal discomfort was often induced by large vertical temperature difference and radiation asymmetry temperature. This work studied indoor thermal environment characteristics under different coupling ways of radiation and convection heating terminals through experiments and CFD simulation. The studied five scenarios were denoted as: (Ⅰ) lateral air supply + adjacent side wall radiation, (Ⅱ) lateral air supply + opposite side wall radiation, (Ⅲ) lateral air supply + floor radiation, (Ⅳ) lateral air supply + adjacent side wall radiation + floor radiation, and (Ⅴ) lateral air supply + opposite side wall radiation + floor radiation. The overall thermal comfort indices (including air diffusion performance index (ADPI), predicted mean vote (PMV), and predicted percent of dissatisfaction (PPD)) and local thermal comfort indices under different scenarios were investigated. For Scenarios Ⅰ–Ⅲ, the local dissatisfaction rates caused by vertical air temperature difference were 0.4%, 0.1%, and 0.2%, respectively, which belonged to "A" class according to the ISO-7730 Standard. While the vertical asymmetric radiation temperature of Scenario Ⅰ/Ⅱ was about 6.5 ℃ lower than that of Scenario Ⅲ/Ⅳ/Ⅴ. The ADPI for Scenarios Ⅲ–Ⅴ were about respectively 5.7%, 16.7%, and 21.0% higher than that of Scenarios Ⅰ–Ⅱ, indicating that a large radiation area and radiation angle coefficient could reduce the discomfort caused by radiant temperature asymmetry. The coupling mode improved local discomfort by decreasing vertical temperature difference and radiation asymmetry temperature wherefore improving the PMV from -1.6 to -1. The lateral air supply coupled with asymmetric radiation heating could potentially improve the thermal comfort of occupied area, while the comprehensive effect of thermal environmental improvement, energy-saving, and cost-effectiveness needes to be further investigated.