Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Evaluating the improvement effect of low-energy strategies on the summer indoor thermal environment and cooling energy consumption in a library building: A case study in a hot-humid and less-windy city of China


indoor thermal comfort, cooling shutter, indoor air movement, hot-humid climate, thermal simulation, cooling load


Public buildings such as libraries consume a vast amount of cooling energy for maintaining a comfortable and stable indoor environment in summer, especially in the hot-humid climate. This study used a case study approach to discuss the effect of low-energy strategies that can be applied to improve indoor thermal environment and cooling energy consumption of library buildings in hot and humid cities like Nanning City (a southern city, China). The use of cooling window shutters (a shutter with the effects of shading and evaporative cooling) and ceiling fans for generating airflow was considered as applicable energy-saving measures in this study, and a university library was selected as the study building in which the two energy-saving measures were employed. The SET* and annual cooling load before and after the adoption of the proposed measures were quantitatively investigated with a building energy consumption simulation software (DesignBuilder). Simulation results showed that the daytime SET* values can be reduced by 3.0 °C and 4.5 °C respectively on a typical summer day after the use of the cooling shutters and ceiling fans. Moreover, the cooling loads can also be decreased by 8.4% and 16.6% respectively. Particularly, the combination of these two measures enabled the daytime SET* value and annual cooling load lower by 7.0 °C and 60.8% respectively.


Tsinghua University Press