Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Analysis of the factors influencing the airflow behavior in an impinging jet ventilation room


impinging jet ventilation, heating scenario, airflow behavior, draught discomfort


A validated CFD model is employed to predict the airflow behavior in an impinging jet ventilation (IJV) room with cool, isothermal or warm jets. By using the numerical results, the influences of jet discharge height, supply grille shape and room height on the jet flow behavior as well as the draught discomfort are analyzed for IJV operating in heating scenarios. The results indicate that the warm supply jet of IJV rises upward to the ceiling after spreading along the floor for a certain distance due to thermal buoyancy, resulting in a limited dispersion area, while the cool and isothermal jets of IJV always spread along the whole floor. When IJV is used for space heating, the lower the jet discharge height, the farther the supply air spreads along the floor, and the supply grille shape and room height almost have no effect on the air dispersion area. The results also show that the energy-efficient advantage of IJV in its heating mode compared to the mixing ventilation (MV) system is more remarkable in higher rooms. Moreover, there is a risk of draught discomfort in IJV heating rooms and it is recommended to wear socks to avoid this discomfort.


Tsinghua University Press