Field synergy analysis of pollutant dispersion in street canyons and its optimization by adding wind catchers
street canyon, field synergy theory, CFD simulation, pollutant dispersion, wind catcher
The microenvironment, which involves pollutant dispersion of the urban street canyon, is critical to the health of pedestrians and residents. The objectives of this work are twofold: (i) to effectively assess the pollutant dispersion process based on a theory and (ii) to adopt an appropriate strategy, i.e., wind catcher, to alleviate the pollution in the street canyons. Pollutant dispersion in street canyons is essentially a convective mass transfer process. Because the convective heat transfer process and the mass transfer process are physically similar and the applicability of field synergy theory to turbulence has been verified in the literature, we apply the field synergy theory to the study of pollutant dispersion in street canyons. In this paper, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation is conducted to investigate the effects of wind catcher, wind speed and the geometry of the street canyons on pollutant dispersion. According to the field synergy theory, Sherwood number and field synergy number are used to quantitatively evaluate the wind catcher and wind speed on the diffusion of pollutants in asymmetric street canyons. The results show that adding wind catchers can significantly improve the air quality of the step-down street canyon and reduce the average pollutant concentrations in the street canyon by 75%. Higher wind speed enhances diffusion of pollutants differently in different geometric street canyons.
Tsinghua University Press
Tingzhen Ming, Huina Han, Zhen Zhao, Renaud de Richter, Yongjia Wu, Wei Li, Nyuk Hien Wong. Field synergy analysis of pollutant dispersion in street canyons and its optimization by adding wind catchers. Building Simulation 2021, 14(02): 391-405.