Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

A data analytics-based tool for the detection and diagnosis of anomalous daily energy patterns in buildings


anomaly detection, data analytics, energy management, pattern recognition, prediction models


In this paper, a tool for the detection and diagnosis of anomalous electrical daily energy patterns relative to a transformer substation of a university campus was developed and tested. Through an innovative pattern recognition analysis consisting in a multi-step clustering process, six clusters of anomalous daily load profiles were identified and isolated in two-year historical data of total electrical energy consumption. The infrequent electrical load profiles were found to be strongly affected, in terms of both shape and magnitude, by the energy consumption behaviour related to the heating/cooling mechanical room. Then, a fault-free predictive model, which uses artificial neural network (ANN) in combination with a Regression Tree, was developed to detect anomalous trends of the electrical energy consumption. The model was able to detect the 93.7% of the anomalous profiles and only the 5% of fault-free days were wrongly predicted as anomalous. Eventually, a diagnosis phase was conceived and validated with a testing data set. A number of daily abnormal load profiles were detected and compared with the centroids of the anomalous clusters identified in the pattern-recognition stage. The work led to the development of a flexible intelligent tool useful for operating a continuous commissioning of the campus facilities.


Tsinghua University Press