Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

CFD analysis of cross-ventilation flow in a group of generic buildings: Comparison between steady RANS, LES and wind tunnel experiments


CFD, steady RANS, LES, wind tunnel experiment, cross-ventilation, sheltered building


Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) results generated by the steady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations (SRANS) model and large eddy simulation (LES) are compared with wind tunnel experiments for investigating a cross-ventilation flow in a group of generic buildings. The mean flow structure and turbulence statistics are compared for SRANS based on different two-equation turbulence models with LES based on the Smagorinsky subgrid-scale turbulence model. The LES results show very close agreement with the experimental results in the prediction of the time-averaged velocity, wind surface pressure around and inside the building, and crossing flow through the openings. In contrast, SRANS fails to predict the most important features of cross-ventilation. LES reproduces well the anisotropic turbulence property around and inside the cross-ventilated building, which is closely related to the transient momentum transfer caused in street canyon flows and has a significant influence on the mean flow structure. In contrast, SRANS could not inherently reproduce such transient fluctuations and anisotropic turbulence property, which results in low accurate predictions for the time-averaged velocity components, wind surface pressure distribution and crossing airflow rate up to 100% error.


Tsinghua University Press