Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Appliance use behavior modelling and evaluation in residential buildings: A case study of television energy use


household appliance, occupant behavior, statistical and stochastic model


Aside from the consumption for domestic cooling and heating, the energy consumption of appliances in a household is a large amount. This energy use by appliances is highly dependent on the activities of the occupants in a building. Occupant behavior in residential buildings possesses the characteristic of randomness, variety, and complexity. More specifically, the profiles of energy consumption and appliance use are highly dependent on the timing of residents’ activities. Thus, it is necessary to model the domestic energy use profile with high temporal resolution. For example, in the context of energy demand response analysis, it is crucial to take occupant behavior into consideration. This article presents a thorough and detailed method for generating an appliance use pattern based on measured power data in real households, taking the television as a case study. The study develops a stochastic model based on appliance use data at one-minute temporal resolution. The proposed model firstly extracts feature parameters to depict the use behavior of the appliance. Then, one stochastic simulation model is established with the input of feature parameters. An evaluation method for this appliance behavior model is also proposed. As a result of one case study simulating appliance consumption at a variety of scales of households, it was concluded that the model can enable applicability to further household energy profile simulation.


Tsinghua University Press