Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Thermal performance investigation of a PCM-enhanced wall/roof in northern Morocco


PCM, wall/roof, thermal performance, Morocco, decrement factor, time lag


Energy efficiency improvement in building sector has become a real challenge in Morocco, especially in the northern region evolving a rapid urban growth. In this context, using the phase change materials (PCM) in the construction is presented as one of the promising solutions to enhance the thermal behaviour of building envelope. This work aims to investigate the thermal performance of a PCM integrated external wall and roof under the summer climate conditions of northern Morocco. Dynamic thermal characterization methodology is adopted through the calculation of decrement factor (DF) and time lag (TL) parameters. For that, a one-dimensional numerical model based on resistance–capacitance (RC) approach is developed and implicitly solved to simulate the heat transfer process through a wall/roof structure. The model is validated through a new small-scale experimental device. Different qualities of PCM, regarding its peak phase change temperature, have been evaluated. Moreover, the PCM layer emplacement within the wall/roof structure was evaluated considering two possible configurations. The obtained results show a significative enhancement of the thermal performance of different wall facades and roof through the use of the suitable PCM quality. An appropriate selection of PCM layer emplacement yields an evidenced enhancement in the case of the roof. As for the walls, the integration of PCM from the interior side increase the TL period but has a negative impact on the DF parameter.


Tsinghua University Press