Building Simulation: An International Journal

Article Title

Study of cooling system with water mist sprayers: Fundamental examination of particle size distribution and cooling effects


water mist, evaporative cooling, urban heat island, numerical fluid analysis


A cooling system that sprays micro water droplets could prove useful in mitigating temperature increases in urban areas by using the heat of water evaporation, a process that consumes only small amounts of water and energy. If water mist is sprayed in a semi-outdoor area, for example, under a canopy, it could potentially improve conditions on hot days. However, there is little reference data concerning the design or control of such systems. In order to propose a method for designing and predicting the performance of a water mist system, we discuss differences in cooling effects in the context of particle size distribution of water mist. The results of numerical fluid analysis showed there is no significant difference in temperature reduction for different particle sizes. However, the water particles remained in a lower position with larger particles.


Tsinghua University Press