Brain Science Advances


tumor-associated macrophages, tumor progression, immunotherapy


Gliomas, the most common primary tumors in the central nervous system (CNS), can be categorized into 4 grades according to the World Health Organization. The most malignant glioma type is grade Ⅳ, also named glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, the standard treatment of concurrent temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy and radiotherapy after maximum resection does not improve overall survival in patients with GBM. Targeting components of the CNS microenvironment represents a new strategy for improving the efficacy of glioma treatment. Most recent studies focused on T cells. However, there is a growing body of evidence that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in tumor progression and can be regulated by a wide array of cytokines or chemokines. New TAM-associated immunotherapies may improve clinical outcomes by blocking tumor progression and prolonging survival. However, understanding the exact roles and possible mechanisms of TAMs in the tumor environment is necessary for developing this promising therapeutic target and identifying potential diagnostic markers for improved prognosis. This review summarizes the possible interactions between TAMs and glioma progression and discusses the potential therapeutic directions for TAM-associated immunotherapies.


Tsinghua University Press