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Brain Science Advances

Keywords

lumbar spine, tuberculosis, anterior approach, posterior approach, minimally invasive fixation, focus debridement

Abstract

To review the clinical efficacy of minimally invasive pedicle fixation combined with anterior small incision focus debridement for single-segment lumbar spine tuberculosis, a total of 31 patients with single-segment marginal lumbar tuberculosis were enrolled in the study. All the patients received quadruple anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy for 2 weeks before surgery and treatment with minimally invasive posterior internal fixation, anterior small incision focus debridement, and bone graft fusion. Those patients with preoperative kyphosis deformity were initially treated with appropriate posterior distraction correction. Except for 1 patient who healed 2 weeks after medical dressing change, the remaining 30 patients healed as expected. All the patients had no screw- related surgical complications, neurological dysfunction, vascular injury, and other complications. The average visual analog scale scores at 3 months postoperatively were significantly decreased to 1.4 ± 1.5 (P < 0.05). In conclusion, under the premise of treatment using appropriate, effective anti-tuberculosis agents, this surgical procedure for managing patients with lumbar vertebral tuberculosis achieved satisfactory results, effectively reducing the exposure range and fusion segments in simple anterior focus debridement and internal fixation. Using minimally invasive posterior pedicle screw fixation can effectively increase spine stability, reduce fusion segment, and decrease anterior surgical trauma and complications.

Publisher

Tsinghua University Press

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