The deep-space multi-object orbit determination system and its application to Hayabusa2’s asteroid proximity operations
orbit determination, optical navigation, gravity measurements, superior solar conjunction, delta differential one-way ranging (delta-DOR)
The deep-space multi-object orbit determination system (DMOODS) and its application in the asteroid proximity operation of the Hayabusa2 mission are described. DMOODS was developed by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) for the primary purpose of determining the trajectory of deep-space spacecraft for JAXA’s planetary missions. The weighted least-squares batch filter is used for the orbit estimator of DMOODS. The orbit estimator supports more than 10 data types, some of which are used for relative trajectory measurements between multiple space objects including natural satellites and small bodies. This system consists of a set of computer programs running on Linux-based consumer PCs on the ground, which are used for orbit determination and the generation of radiometric tracking data, such as delta differential one-way ranging and doppler tracking data. During the asteroid proximity phase of Hayabusa2, this system played an essential role in operations that had very strict navigation requirements or operations in which few optical data were obtained owing to special constraints on the spacecraft attitude or distance from the asteroid. One example is orbit determination during the solar conjunction phase, in which the navigation accuracy is degraded by the effect of the solar corona. The large range bias caused by the solar corona was accurately estimated with DMOODS by combining light detection and ranging (LIDAR) and ranging measurements in the superior solar conjunction phase of Hayabusa2. For the orbiting operations of target markers and the MINERVA-II2 rover, the simultaneous estimation of six trajectories of four artificial objects and a natural object was made by DMOODS. This type of simultaneous orbit determination of multi-artificial objects in deep-space has never been accomplished before.
Tsinghua University Press
Hiroshi Takeuchi, Kent Yoshikawa, Yuto Takei, Yusuke Oki, Shota Kikuchi, Hitoshi Ikeda, Stefania Soldini, Naoko Ogawa, Yuya Mimasu, Go Ono, Fuyuto Terui, Naoya Sakatani, Manabu Yamada, Toru Kouyama, Shingo Kameda, Takanao Saiki, Yuichi Tsuda. The deep-space multi-object orbit determination system and its application to Hayabusa2’s asteroid proximity operations. Astrodynamics 2020, 4(4): 377-392.